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Six major contradictions facing the sustainable development of China's machinery industry

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Six major contradictions facing the sustainable development of China's machinery industry

来源: http://lfsrjkfyy.cn点击: Date: 2015-10-21 00 : 00Source : http : //lfsrjkfyy.cnClick :

At the 2011 Machinery Industry Economic Situation Report held recently, Cai Weici, Executive Vice President of the China Machinery Industry Federation, pointed out that the environment facing the development of China's machinery industry is undergoing profound changes. To maintain and achieve sustainable and healthy development of the industry, We must solve the six major contradictions that are increasingly prominent in the current industry development.

 

In the first 10 months of this year, the growth rate of China's machinery industry, such as value added and profits, has generally slowed down. Difficulties in financing enterprises, rising supply prices of elements, sluggish domestic and foreign market demand, and rapid growth in imports have diverted domestic orders. The development situation facing the machinery industry is severe. "From these changes, we should see that the environment for the development of the machinery industry has and continues to undergo profound changes. The extensive development environment in which our industry has survived in the past few years is disappearing, and the increasingly tight development environment is forcing us to give up. The traditional development model is based on speed and scale, with the premise and support of rapid growth of physical orders, and at the cost of excessive consumption of resources and energy. "Cai Weici said. Aluminum alloy liquid extrusion .

 

He also pointed out that this year's changes have long-term and global characteristics, and are not limited to individual sub-sectors and short-term situations. At present, if the machinery industry is to achieve sustainable development, it must resolve six major contradictions currently facing:

 

1. The contradiction between slowing demand growth and rapid expansion of production capacity.

 

The past decade has been a period of rapid industrialization in China, and specific development stages have created sustained and rapid growth in demand. After entering the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", with the deepening of the modernization process, more attention will be paid to the quality of economic and social development. Therefore, the requirements for equipment levels will be higher, and the demand will shift to a stage of steady growth. A fall in growth is inevitable. 铝合金低压。 Low pressure cast aluminum alloy. However, the strength of fixed asset investment, which is mainly directed at capacity expansion, has continued to increase, which will intensify the contradiction of oversupply, worsen the market environment of the machinery industry, and trigger vicious competition to cut prices to compete for market orders, which will not only make the industry's profit margin The decline will induce vicious behaviors such as cutting corners and cutting materials, making the industrial structure in danger of reverse adjustment. Companies that have been deceiving and cheating will smash outstanding companies under tight market supervision.

 

Second, the contradiction between increasing cost pressure and improving industry efficiency.

 

In general, the prices of upstream raw materials, financing costs, and labor costs will continue to rise steadily. Since the machinery industry is a highly competitive industry, under the environment of oversupply, it is difficult for us to pass the pressure of cost increases downstream. Therefore, in the future, the machinery industry will face the contradiction of rapid cost increase and difficult efficiency improvement in the long term.

 

Third, the contradiction between the development of high-end equipment and the lagging of basic development.

 

In the past ten years, the development of many high-end power equipment, engineering machinery, CNC machine tools and other mainframes has been relatively rapid, but the development of many key components and supporting products has lagged behind and has been severely restricted by imports. Because the pace of localization cannot meet the needs of supporting the mainframe, the import price has remained high, and even the appetite of foreign companies has been hung up. Domestic companies are often forced to reduce the production of mainframes because they cannot import accessories. Facts have proved that the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry must resolve the following four basic bottlenecks: first, high-end CNC machine tools, second, high-performance test equipment, third, high-end hydraulic parts, and fourth, high-quality high-quality raw materials.

 

Fourth, the contradiction between the urgent need for product upgrades and insufficient innovation capabilities.

 

Facing the severe competition situation, more and more enterprises are looking for the point of focus from the field of imported high-end products. Therefore, product research and development and process technology upgrade are imperative. However, due to the weak innovation ability, many companies and even the key companies have generally poor R & D experimental conditions, so it is difficult to achieve the desired level of innovation ability. How to improve innovation capacity as soon as possible has become a key factor in whether we can accelerate structural adjustment.

 

5. The contradiction between rising exchange rates and participation in international competition.

 

Since the exchange rate reform was restarted, the exchange rate of RMB against the US dollar has entered a continuous upward channel. With the continuous rise of the RMB exchange rate, it has now risen to a maximum of 6.33 or higher. The rapid growth of machinery product imports and export competitiveness have been weakened. Inevitably, the era of the machinery industry relying on low prices for competitive advantages has gradually disappeared. In the future, it is necessary to alleviate the pressure of the exchange rate through efforts to increase the added value of technology and services.

 

6. The contradiction between changing the development mode and pursuing speed in various places.

 

Although the necessity and urgency of transformation and upgrading are well known, in the real environment, local governments at all levels generally prioritize economic development speed in order to pursue political achievements, and press the growth indicators of local enterprises, especially some economic benefits. For good companies, it is really difficult to change the development mode.

 

"Therefore, we have reasons to be pleased with the achievements of the past ten years, and we need to start from scratch in the new five years, face up to the six contradictions, urgently seek solutions and change the development mode, and maintain the economy more effectively. Growth and hard work. "Cai Weici said. At the 2011 Machinery Industry Economic Situation Report held recently, Cai Weici, Executive Vice President of the China Machinery Industry Federation, pointed out that the environment facing the development of China's machinery industry is undergoing profound changes. To maintain and achieve sustainable and healthy development of the industry, We must solve the six major contradictions that are increasingly prominent in the current industry development.

 

In the first 10 months of this year, the growth rate of China's machinery industry, such as value added and profits, has generally slowed down. Difficulties in financing enterprises, rising supply prices of elements, sluggish domestic and foreign market demand, and rapid growth in imports have diverted domestic orders. The development situation facing the machinery industry is severe. "From these changes, we should see that the environment for the development of the machinery industry has and continues to undergo profound changes. The extensive development environment in which our industry has survived in the past few years is disappearing, and the increasingly tight development environment is forcing us to give up. The traditional development model is based on speed and scale, with the premise and support of rapid growth of physical orders, and at the cost of excessive consumption of resources and energy. "Cai Weici said.

 

He also pointed out that this year's changes have long-term and global characteristics, and are not limited to individual sub-sectors and short-term situations. At present, if the machinery industry is to achieve sustainable development, it must resolve six major contradictions currently facing:

 

1. The contradiction between slowing demand growth and rapid expansion of production capacity.

 

The past decade has been a period of rapid industrialization in China, and specific development stages have created sustained and rapid growth in demand. After entering the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", with the deepening of the modernization process, more attention will be paid to the quality of economic and social development, so the requirements for equipment levels will be higher, and the demand will shift to a stage of steady growth. Therefore, the demand for physical products in the future A fall in growth is inevitable. However, the strength of fixed asset investment, which is mainly directed at capacity expansion, has continued to increase, which will intensify the contradiction of oversupply, worsen the market environment of the machinery industry, and trigger vicious competition to cut prices to compete for market orders, which will not only make the industry's profit margin The decline will induce vicious behaviors such as cutting corners and cutting materials, making the industrial structure in danger of reverse adjustment. Companies that have been deceiving and cheating will smash outstanding companies under tight market supervision.

 

Second, the contradiction between increasing cost pressure and improving industry efficiency.

 

In general, the prices of upstream raw materials, financing costs, and labor costs will continue to rise steadily. Since the machinery industry is a highly competitive industry, under the environment of oversupply, it is difficult for us to pass the pressure of cost increases downstream. Therefore, in the future, the machinery industry will face the contradiction of rapid cost increase and difficult efficiency improvement in the long term.

 

Third, the contradiction between the development of high-end equipment and the lagging of basic development.

 

In the past ten years, the development of many high-end power equipment, engineering machinery, CNC machine tools and other mainframes has been relatively rapid, but the development of many key components and supporting products has lagged behind and has been severely restricted by imports. Because the pace of localization cannot meet the needs of supporting the mainframe, the import price has remained high, and even the appetite of foreign companies has been hung up. Domestic companies are often forced to reduce the production of mainframes because they cannot import accessories. Facts have proved that the development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry must resolve the following four basic bottlenecks: first, high-end CNC machine tools, second, high-performance test equipment, third, high-end hydraulic parts, and fourth, high-quality high-quality raw materials.

 

Fourth, the contradiction between the urgent need for product upgrades and insufficient innovation capabilities.

 

Facing the severe competition situation, more and more enterprises are looking for the point of focus from the field of imported high-end products. Therefore, product research and development and process technology upgrade are imperative. However, due to the weak innovation ability, many companies and even the key companies have generally poor R & D experimental conditions, so it is difficult to achieve the desired level of innovation ability. How to improve innovation capacity as soon as possible has become a key factor in whether we can accelerate structural adjustment.

 

5. The contradiction between rising exchange rates and participation in international competition.

 

Since the exchange rate reform was restarted, the exchange rate of RMB against the US dollar has entered a continuous upward channel. With the continuous rise of the RMB exchange rate, it has now risen to a maximum of 6.33 or higher. The rapid growth of machinery product imports and export competitiveness have been weakened. Inevitably, the era of the machinery industry relying on low prices for competitive advantages has gradually disappeared. In the future, it is necessary to alleviate the pressure of the exchange rate through efforts to increase the added value of technology and services.

 

6. The contradiction between changing the development mode and pursuing speed in various places.

 

Although the necessity and urgency of transformation and upgrading are well known, in the real environment, local governments at all levels generally prioritize economic development speed in order to pursue political achievements, and press the growth indicators of local enterprises, especially some economic benefits. For good companies, it is really difficult to change the development mode.

 

"Therefore, we have reasons to be pleased with the achievements of the past ten years, and we need to start from scratch in the new five years, face up to the six contradictions, urgently seek solutions and change the development mode, and maintain the economy more effectively Growth and hard work. "Cai Weici said.


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